Abolitionist Movement

Kevin, Niyathi, Elle (6 & 7)
Elle:
Description, Notes
Niyathi:
People,Connections, Notes
Kevin:
FAQs,Questions, Notes

Description


Slavery had divided America for many years. Once the cotton gin was invented slavery became very more popular dividing the country more. Eventually ideology was split mainly into Anti-Slavery and Pro-Slavery. While tension was slowly built, the Anti-Slavery ideals were composed into the Abolitionist Movement, with the goal of abolishing slavery. The abolitionist movement was very vocal and brought many into the movement. The movement grew and influenced politics and caused many to think about the morals of slavery. While the movement was influencial in the north it was unable to stop slavery in the south as it was the backbone of the economy. At this point tension had built up so much that people in the south killed random African-Americans in processes like lynchings. All of this upset the north and eventually, President Lincoln took us into a civil war against the south to protect the economy of the United States and to achieve the final goal of the Abolitionist Movement, abolishing slavery.

Connections

  • Slavery is connected to the Abolitionist movement because it was the abolitionists who wanted anti slavery
  • The Fugitive Slave law, Dred Scott and Underground Railroad is connected to this topic because the Abolitionist movement is what caused it.
  • The constant expansion of the United States caused more slave states likes Texas to join outraging northern states.
  • The growth of the Republican Party was a victory of the Abolitionist Movement as it allowed for Abraham Lincoln to become president.
  • State Rights are connected to the Abolitionist Movements because slavery was fought for as a state right, causing the divide in the country.
  • The Missouri Compromise of 1820 & 1850 is connected as the compromise set a showed how newer states wanted slavery as it was more profitable

People

  • Fredrick Douglass was the first famous black abolitionist, he was known as an intelligent and decent man/
  • Harriet Tubman helped abolitionist by using the underground railway.
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe was a abolitionist, she wrote the book Uncle Tom's Cabin which made white people see slaves view of slavery.
  • William Lloyd Garrison started an aggressive abolitionist newspaper called the Liberator.
  • Dred Scott became well known for being denied citizenship and causing the precedent of "negro citizenship" which disallowed black residents to get citizenship.
  • Abraham Lincoln was considered the a strong abolitionist and helped get rid of slavery permanently.

FAQs

  • Q - Why did America use slave labor?
    • A - America used slave labor because of how cheap it was compared to giving a free man a wage, you could just buy them and never have to pay them again.
  • Q - How did Quakers help fight slavery?
    • A - The Quakers were very prominent abolitionists and helped the Underground Railroad.
  • Q - Why was Frederick Douglass well liked?
    • A - He was liked as he was known as an intelligent and well-mannered man.
  • Q - What was the goal of the Abolitionist Movement?
    • A - The goal of the abolitionist movement was the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation.

Questions

  • Why wasn't an alternative to cotton used?
  • Why did no farmers work on alternatives to slave labor?
  • Were there any other abolitionist groups that helped slaves escape besides the Underground Railroad?

Resources & Notes

Abolitionist Movement
  • The goal of the abolitionist movement was the immediate emancipation of all slaves
  • By the early 1830s, Theodore D. Weld, William Lloyd Garrison, Arthur and Lewis Tappan, and Elizur Wright, Jr., all spiritually nourished by revivalism
  • This happened From the 1830s until 1870
  • In 1831 they found the American Anti-Slavery Society
  • The American Anti-Slavery Society disagreed a lot
  • after 1840, their impact on northern culture and society is undeniable.
Brief History of Abolitionism
  • The Age of Enlightenment and the American Revolution caused more to think of the Slaves' rights
  • Slavery left the public's minds when it became extremely profitable for the South.
  • In 1831 the Anti-Slavery society was founded, allowing for a more centralized abolitionist movement.
  • There was many different abolitionist with different outlooks these types included garrisonian, religious, radical, militant, and political abolitionists
  • The annexation of Texas caused many to dispute the addition of a new slave state
Abolitionist Movement
  • The Abolitionist movement in the United States of America was an effort to end slavery in a nation that valued personal freedom and believed “all men are created
  • African slavery began in North America in 1619 at Jamestown, Virginia
  • Although many New Englanders had grown wealthy in the slave trade before the importation of slaves was outlawed, that area of the country became the hotbed of abolitionist sentiment. Abolitionist newspapers and pamphlets sprang into existence
  • In 1829, David Walker, a freeman of color originally from the South, published An Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World in Boston, Massachusetts. It was a new benchmark, pushing abolitionists toward extreme militancy. He called for slaves to rise up against their masters and to defend themselves: “It is no more harm for you to kill a man who is trying to kill you, than it is for you to take a drink of water when thirsty.”
  • Frederick Douglass—a former slave who had been known as Frederick Bailey while in slavery and who was the most famous black man among the abolitionists—broke with William Lloyd Garrison’s newspaper, The Liberator, after returning from a visit to Great Britain, and founded a black abolitionist paper, The North Star.
  • The first national Anti-Slavery Convention was held in New York City in 1837, and the following year the second Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women met in Philadelphia; the latter resulted in pro-slavery riots
Sources for presentation
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/racial-politics-bostons-19th-century-abolitionist-movement-hicks-6031506682583011328
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republican_Party_(United_States)
http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/underground-railroad
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p1539.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_Lincoln
http://www.biography.com/people/dred-scott-9477240
http://shusterman.com/supremecourtimmigration.html
http://www.shmoop.com/abolition/timeline.html
https://www.wpclipart.com/people/bodypart/eye/eyes_3/global_view_eye_1.png.html